Storia del Talmud
Author: Harry Freedman
Publisher: Bollati Boringhieri
«La storia del Talmud è la prova di quel che può accadere, nel bene e nel male, quando la letteratura propria di una cultura viene in contatto, a volte in conflitto, con le credenze e i valori di un’altra cultura. Ma mostra anche le conseguenze che si manifestano su una società chiusa e autonoma quando i suoi testi fondamentali entrano in relazione con nuove idee provenienti dall’esterno». Tutti sanno chi era Paolo di Tarso, pochi invece conoscono il suo contemporaneo Yohanan ben Zakkai. Eppure entrambi, a modo loro, hanno dato l’avvio a una nuova religione, e entrambe queste religioni (cristianesimo e ebraismo moderno) sopravvivono ancora oggi. Nel I secolo d.C. Yohanan era nella Gerusalemme assediata dalle armate di Tito. Poco prima dell’attacco romano riuscì a scappare dalla città e a farsi ricevere dall’imperatore, al quale chiese il permesso di istituire una scuola nel “vigneto di Yavneh”. Tito glielo concesse, e fu così che iniziò a svilupparsi l’ebraismo dei rabbini, il quale, modificato nei secoli, è di fatto quello di oggi. Il nucleo di questa dottrina è una quasi infinita serie di discussioni tra saggi, durata cinque secoli, nella quale quasi sempre contano più le domande e le argomentazioni che le risposte. Quando questa immensa tradizione orale venne messa per iscritto, divenne il Talmud: 37 volumi di dispute serrate tra saggi rabbini praticamente su ogni cosa. Scritto in due lingue (ebraico e aramaico), con uno stile tutto meno che lineare, il Talmud (nelle sue due versioni, babilonese e palestinese) è oggi considerato una delle opere più complesse che esistano e il fondamento stesso dell’ebraismo. La sua storia è un tutt’uno con la storia degli ebrei. Harry Freedman ci regala una breve, efficace e godibile “biografia” di questo libro incredibile, che di vicissitudini ne ha passate davvero molte. Dalle sue origini mesopotamiche al rapporto con gli arabi, dall’incontro coi cristiani alle dispute medievali, dal commento di Rashi alla prima versione a stampa pubblicata a Venezia, passando attraverso i molti roghi che tentarono di arginarne l’insegnamento, le condanne papali, e poi l’Illuminismo, l’Ottocento e la Notte dei Cristalli. Il Talmud – questo libro sconosciuto – ne esce come uno dei più nascosti ma potenti punti di origine della modernità, nonostante sia stato a lungo temuto, bruciato, ostracizzato e ben poco studiato dai non ebrei. Eppure al Talmud, nelle diverse epoche, si sono ispirati in moltissimi, spesso senza saperlo.
Brevet från Gertrud
Author: Björn Larsson
Martin Brenner står i en minneslund tillsammans med sin hustru Cristina och sin dotter Sara. I handen håller han en urna med askan efter sin mor, Maria, som gått bort, åttiofem år gammal. Visst känner han saknad efter henne, men de kom aldrig varandra riktigt nära, mellan dem fanns alltid en skugga av sorg. Efter begravningen kontaktas Martin av en advokat. Av honom får Martin veta att Maria inte var det tyska flyktingbarn han hittills trott, utan en överlevande från Auschwitz och judinna, vars riktiga namn var Gertrud. Advokaten läser upp ett brev från Gertrud där hon förklarar att hon dolt sanningen, av rädsla för att historien skulle upprepa sig och för att Martin själv skulle ha friheten att välja vem han ville vara. Martin kan alltså, som en av få, välja om han vill bejaka sin judiskhet eller ej. Om han inte säger något till någon kommer han att förbli den han är. Men då kommer han att upprepa det hans mor gjorde mot honom. Ska han våga berätta? Vill han ens? Brevet från Gertrud är en berättelse om identitet, om i vad mån man själv har rätt att välja. Och om det pris man kan få betala för att hävda sin rätt.
Approaching the New Testament from a midrashic perspective leads to a radically new picture of Jesus as a political leader.
Author: Eric H. Cline
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
"Jerusalem Besieged is a fascinating account of how and why a baffling array of peoples, ideologies, and religions have fought for some four thousand years over a city without either great wealth, size, or strategic importance. Cline guides us through the baffling, but always bloody, array of Jewish, Roman, Moslem, Crusader, Ottoman, Western, Arab, and Israeli fights for possession of such a symbolic prize in a manner that is both scholarly and engaging." -Victor Davis Hanson, Stanford University; author of The Other Greeks and Carnage and Culture "A beautifully lucid presentation of four thousand years of history in a single volume. Cline writes primarily as an archaeologist-avoiding polemic and offering evidence for any religious claims-yet he has also incorporated much journalistic material into this study. Jerusalem Besieged will enlighten anyone interested in the history of military conflict in and around Jerusalem." -Col. Rose Mary Sheldon, Virginia Military Institute "This groundbreaking study offers a fascinating synthesis of Jerusalem's military history from its first occupation into the modern era. Cline amply deploys primary source material to investigate assaults on Jerusalem of every sort, starting at the dawn of recorded history. Jerusalem Besieged is invaluable for framing the contemporary situation in the Middle East in the context of a very long and pertinent history." -Baruch Halpern, Pennsylvania State University A sweeping history of four thousand years of struggle for control of one city "[An] absorbing account of archaeological history, from the ancient Israelites' first conquest to today's second intifada. Cline clearly lays out the fascinating history behind the conflicts." -USA Today "A pleasure to read, this work makes this important but complicated subject fascinating." -Jewish Book World "Jerusalem Besieged is a fascinating account of how and why a baffling array of peoples, ideologies, and religions have fought for some four thousand years over a city without either great wealth, size, or strategic importance. Cline guides us through the baffling, but always bloody, array of Jewish, Roman, Moslem, Crusader, Ottoman, Western, Arab, and Israeli fights for possession of such a symbolic prize in a manner that is both scholarly and engaging." -Victor Davis Hanson, Stanford University; author of The Other Greeks and Carnage and Culture
Containing nearly two million words in 37 volumes, the Talmud covers topics as diverse as law, faith, medicine, magic, ethics, sex, humour and prayer. It is a highly complex, profoundly logical and frequently impenetrable work with a history like no other. In its 1500 year history the Talmud has been banned, censored and burned, dissected by scholars and rabbis, probed by philosophers, poets, republicans and kings. In The Talmud ? A Biography, Jewish scholar Harry Freedman tells the engrossing story of an ancient classic, the legal and mystical pillar of Judaism and recounts the story of a book which, in many ways, parallels the history of the Jewish people. From its origins as a record of discussions amongst scholars in towns and villages close to modern-day Baghdad, Freedman traces the spiraling paths of the Jewish diaspora and explores the story of the Talmud's early origins in Babylon, its role during the Enlightenment and its influence over traditional Judaism. A compelling fusion of law, storytelling and spirituality, the Talmud's story is a fascinating insight into the history of Judaism and Harry Freedman's The Talmud ? A Biography is a remarkable account of one of the most important cultural, historical and religious works of our time.
Author: Barry Scott Wimpfheimer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
The life and times of an enduring work of Jewish spirituality The Babylonian Talmud, a postbiblical Jewish text that is part scripture and part commentary, is an unlikely bestseller. Written in a hybrid of Hebrew and Aramaic, it is often ambiguous to the point of incomprehension, and its subject matter reflects a narrow scholasticism that should hardly have broad appeal. Yet the Talmud has remained in print for centuries and is more popular today than ever. Barry Scott Wimpfheimer tells the remarkable story of this ancient Jewish book and explains why it has endured for almost two millennia. Providing a concise biography of this quintessential work of rabbinic Judaism, Wimpfheimer takes readers from the Talmud's prehistory in biblical and second-temple Judaism to its present-day use as a source of religious ideology, a model of different modes of rationality, and a totem of cultural identity. He describes the book's origins and structure, its centrality to Jewish law, its mixed reception history, and its golden renaissance in modernity. He explains why reading the Talmud can feel like being swept up in a river or lost in a maze, and why the Talmud has come to be venerated--but also excoriated and maligned—in the centuries since it first appeared. An incomparable introduction to a work of literature that has lived a full and varied life, this accessible book shows why the Talmud is at once a received source of traditional teachings, a touchstone of cultural authority, and a powerful symbol of Jewishness for both supporters and critics.
Author: Fabian Cancellara, Marco Pastonesi, Guy van den Langenbergh
Publisher: Bloomsbury Sport
A fully authorized celebration of renowned Tour de France rider and two-time Olympic champion cyclist Fabian Cancellara. Curated and with commentary by Cancellara himself, this is a richly illustrated book showcasing the best photographs from throughout his career. Cancellara is one of the greatest cyclists of the last decade--he conquered the hearts of many cycle fans around the world. 2016, his last year as a professional cyclist, saw him win gold in the Olympic men's individual time trial and, such is his status in world cycling, the Tour de France was rerouted in his honor through his home town in Switzerland. Featuring 20 key career moments, chosen and described by Fabian, this is a very personal and highly illuminating book. This is the official "goodbye" to his fans and celebration of the key moments of his marvelous career.
Author: Jacob Neusner
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Wherever Jews have settled and whatever languages they spoke, they created a community with a single set of common values. One law, one theology defined the community throughout their many migrations. A single book explains how this came about-the Talmud. Renowned scholar Jacob Neusner introduces readers to the Talmud, defining it, explaining its historical context, and illustrating why it remains relevant today.
A Civil War
Author: Claudio Pavone
Publisher: Verso Books
A Civil War is a history of the wartime Italian Resistance, recounted by a historian who took part in the struggle against Mussolini’s Fascist Republic. Since its publication in Italy, Claudio Pavone’s masterwork has become indispensable to anyone seeking to understand this period and its continuing importance for the nation’s identity. Pavone casts a sober eye on his protagonists’ ethical and ideological motivations. He uncovers a multilayered conflict, in which class antagonisms, patriotism and political ideals all played a part. A clear understanding of this complexity allows him to explain many details of the post-war transition, as well as the legacy of the Resistance for modern Italy. In addition to being a monumental work of scholarship, A Civil War is a folk history, capturing events, personalities and attitudes that were on the verge of slipping entirely out of recollection to the detriment of Italy’s understanding of itself and its past.
The Brothers Ashkenazi
Author: I.J. Singer
Publisher: Other Press, LLC
In the Polish city of Lodz, the brothers Ashkenazi grew up very differently in talent and in temperament. Max, the firstborn, is fiercely intelligent and conniving, determined to succeed financially by any means necessary. Slower-witted Jacob is strong, handsome, and charming but without great purpose in life. While Max is driven by ambition and greed to be more successful than his brother, Jacob is drawn to easy living and decadence. As waves of industrialism and capitalism flood the city, the brothers and their families are torn apart by the clashing impulses of old piety and new skepticism, traditional ways and burgeoning appetites, and the hatred that grows between faiths, citizens, and classes. Despite all attempts to control their destinies, the brothers are caught up by forces of history, love, and fate, which shape and, ultimately, break them. First published in 1936, The Brothers Ashkenazi quickly became a best seller as a sprawling family saga. Breaking away from the introspective shtetl tales of classic nineteenth-century writers, I. J. Singer brought to Yiddish literature the multilayered plots, large casts of characters, and narrative sweep of the traditional European novel. Walking alongside such masters as Zola, Flaubert, and Tolstoy, I . J. Singer’s premodernist social novel stands as a masterpiece of storytelling.
“Kuić has courageously plunged into an unusual topic, one which has not been touched upon in Yugoslav literature so far. In her attempt to show the destiny of a Sephardic Jewish family living on Bosnian soil, in Sarajevo, the author has gone much further: she shows the inevitability of historical developments; she paints history as a monster who continually returns in cycles, but also as a joker who readily changes the colours of its mosaic pieces.” David Albahari, writer, Belgrade “It is not Jewish, it is not Yugoslav. It is about all people, and it is about the importance of family, told in a tough-minded way by a woman whose ancestors were survivors. The Scent of Rain in the Balkans is universal.” Jeanne Smoot, Professor of Comparative Literature, University of North Carolina, USA
Clandestine in Chile
Author: Gabriel García Márquez, Francisco Goldman, Miguel Littín, Asa Zatz
Publisher: New York Review of Books
In 1973, the portly, dark-haired, bearded film director Miguel Littín fled Chile after a U.S.-supported military coup toppled the democratically elected Socialist government of Salvador Allende, replacing it with the rule of General Augusto Pinochet. Pinochet’s cruel reign was to last some seventeen years, during which Chile was turned into a laboratory for the economic ideas of Milton Friedman, leading to a society where the rich became richer and the poor much poorer, and the government was sustained by an ongoing reign of terror. In 1985, Littín returned to Chile, now slim and clean-shaven, with a false name, false passport, and false wife. Pretending to be a Uruguayan businessman, he was bent on making a movie that told the truth about life under Pinochet. This is the story of Littín’s escapade, which was a journey to a risky and in many ways unexpected new country—and into his own complicated feelings as an exile. Gabriel García Márquez brings all his gifts as a novelist to the telling Littín’s tale, revealing the unreal essence of life in a country where the plain truth was inadmissible. Clandestine in Chile is a true-life adventure story and a classic of modern reportage.
Author: Elie Wiesel
Publisher: Olympic Marketing Corp
This volume presents the proceedings of the International Conference on Health Informatics (ICHI). The conference was a new special topic conference initiative by the International Federation of Medical and Biological Engineering (IFMBE), held in Vilamoura, Portugal on 7-9 November, 2013. The main theme of the ICHI2013 was “Integrating Information and Communication Technologies with Biomedicine for Global Health”. The proceedings offer a unique forum to examine enabling technologies of sensors, devices and systems that optimize the acquisition, transmission, processing, storage, retrieval of biomedical and health information as well as to report novel clinical applications of health information systems and the deployment of m-Health, e-Health, u-Health, p-Health and Telemedicine.
Author: Wladyslaw Szpilman
Named one of the Best Books of 1999 by the Los Angeles Times, The Pianist is now a major motion picture directed by Roman Polanski and starring Adrien Brody (Son of Sam). The Pianist won the Cannes Film Festival's most prestigious prize—the Palme d'Or. On September 23, 1939, Wladyslaw Szpilman played Chopin's Nocturne in C-sharp minor live on the radio as shells exploded outside—so loudly that he couldn't hear his piano. It was the last live music broadcast from Warsaw: That day, a German bomb hit the station, and Polish Radio went off the air. Though he lost his entire family, Szpilman survived in hiding. In the end, his life was saved by a German officer who heard him play the same Chopin Nocturne on a piano found among the rubble. Written immediately after the war and suppressed for decades, The Pianist is a stunning testament to human endurance and the redemptive power of fellow feeling.