Il n’aura échappé à personne que le postulat démocratique affirme que les médias sont indépendants, déterminés à découvrir la vérité et à la faire connaître ; et non qu’ils passent le plus clair de leur temps à donner l’image d’un monde tel que les puissants souhaitent que nous nous le représentions, qu’ils sont en position d’imposer la trame des discours, de décider ce que le bon peuple a le droit de voir, d’entendre ou de penser, et de « gérer » l’opinion à coups de campagnes de propagande. Les médias constituent un système qui sert à communiquer des messages et des symboles à la population. Ils ont vocation à distraire, amuser, informer, et à inculquer aux individus les croyances et codes comportementaux qui les intégreront aux structures sociales au sens large. Dans un monde où les richesses sont fortement concentrées et où les intérêts de classe entrent en conflit, accomplir cette intégration nécessite une propagande systématique. Une modélisation de la propagande se focalise sur la prodigieuse inégalité dans la capacité de contrôle des moyens de production ; et ce qu’elle implique tant du point de vue de l’accès à un système de médias privés que de leurs choix et fonctionnements. Le modèle permet de reconstituer par quels processus le pouvoir et l’argent sélectionnent les informations. Économiste, Edward S. Herman est professeur émérite à la Wharton School of Business (Pennsylvanie). Co-fondateur de Znet, réseau américain d’informations alternatif, il s’intéresse notamment à la domination industrielle et aux réglementations financières relevant des conflits d’intérêts. Linguiste, Noam Chomsky est professeur émérite au Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT, Boston). Parallèlement à sa prestigieuse carrière universitaire, il est mondialement connu pour son engagement politique
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: House of Anansi
In his national bestselling 1988 CBC Massey Lectures, Noam Chomsky inquires into the nature of the media in a political system where the population cannot be disciplined by force and thus must be subjected to more subtle forms of ideological control. Specific cases are illustrated in detail, using the U.S. media primarily but also media in other societies. Chomsky considers how the media might be democratized (as part of the general problem of developing more democratic institutions) in order to offer citizens broader and more meaningful participation in social and political life.
Author: Edward Bernays
"Bernays' honest and practical manual provides much insight into some of the most powerful and influential institutions of contemporary industrial state capitalist democracies."-Noam Chomsky A seminal and controversial figure in the history of political thought and public relations, Edward Bernays (1891-1995), pioneered the scientific technique of shaping and manipulating public opinion, which he famously dubbed "engineering of consent." During World War I, he was an integral part of the U.S. Committee on Public Information (CPI), a powerful propaganda apparatus that was mobilized to package, advertise and sell the war to the American people as one that would "Make the World Safe for Democracy." The CPI would become the blueprint in which marketing strategies for future wars would be based upon.
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Seven Stories Press
Noam Chomsky’s backpocket classic on wartime propaganda and opinion control begins by asserting two models of democracy—one in which the public actively participates, and one in which the public is manipulated and controlled. According to Chomsky, "propaganda is to democracy as the bludgeon is to a totalitarian state," and the mass media is the primary vehicle for delivering propaganda in the United States. From an examination of how Woodrow Wilson’s Creel Commission "succeeded, within six months, in turning a pacifist population into a hysterical, war-mongering population," to Bush Sr.'s war on Iraq, Chomsky examines how the mass media and public relations industries have been used as propaganda to generate public support for going to war. Chomsky further touches on how the modern public relations industry has been influenced by Walter Lippmann’s theory of "spectator democracy," in which the public is seen as a "bewildered herd" that needs to be directed, not empowered; and how the public relations industry in the United States focuses on "controlling the public mind," and not on informing it. Media Control is an invaluable primer on the secret workings of disinformation in democratic societies. From the Audiobook Download edition.
Hegemony or Survival
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
From the world's foremost intellectual activist, an irrefutable analysis of America's pursuit of total domination and the catastrophic consequences that are sure to follow The United States is in the process of staking out not just the globe but the last unarmed spot in our neighborhood-the heavens-as a militarized sphere of influence. Our earth and its skies are, for the Bush administration, the final frontiers of imperial control. In Hegemony or Survival , Noam Chomsky investigates how we came to this moment, what kind of peril we find ourselves in, and why our rulers are willing to jeopardize the future of our species. With the striking logic that is his trademark, Chomsky dissects America's quest for global supremacy, tracking the U.S. government's aggressive pursuit of policies intended to achieve "full spectrum dominance" at any cost. He lays out vividly how the various strands of policy-the militarization of space, the ballistic-missile defense program, unilateralism, the dismantling of international agreements, and the response to the Iraqi crisis-cohere in a drive for hegemony that ultimately threatens our survival. In our era, he argues, empire is a recipe for an earthly wasteland. Lucid, rigorous, and thoroughly documented, Hegemony or Survival promises to be Chomsky's most urgent and sweeping work in years, certain to spark widespread debate.
Author: Mouvement Utopia
Publisher: Les Éditions Utopia
Sommes nous vraiment en démocratie ? Sommes nous vraiment en démocratie ? Formellement, pour la plupart des pays économiquement développés dont la France, on peut répondre oui. Liberté d’association, d’information, votations...sont inscrites dans notre constitution et les séquences électorales rythment notre vie politique. Mais qu’en est-il de la démocratie réelle, vivante, participative, de ce fameux pouvoir du peuple, par le peuple, pour le peuple ? L’objet de ce livre est d’analyser l’état actuel de notre démocratie en France et de proposer des solutions pour construire un nouvel âge démocratique. A travers une réflexion politique alternative, découvrez une analyse de l’état actuel de la démocratie en France qui propose des solutions pour construire un nouvel âge démocratique. EXTRAIT Jamais la crise démocratique n’a été plus forte qu’en ce début de xxie siècle. Avec les questions sociales et écologiques, elle menace notre capacité de vivre ensemble et fracture nos sociétés. Notre « démocratie » est plus délégataire que représentative, purement compétitive et nullement coopérative. Le vote est de moins en moins reconnu comme un moyen d’expression de la vie politique et l’abstention dépasse dans beaucoup d’élections les 50 %, rendant les élus certes légaux mais peu légitimes pour nous représenter. Heureusement nous ne sommes ni dans une dictature ni dans un régime de droit divin, mais ne serions-nous pas dans un régime que nous pourrions qualifier d’oligarchie libérale ? À PROPOS DE L'AUTEUR Trait d'union entre le mouvement social, le monde politique et le monde intellectuel, le Mouvement Utopia est une coopérative politique d'éducation populaire qui vise à élaborer un projet de société solidaire et convivial, écologiquement soutenable, dont l'objectif est le Buen Vivir. Utopia défend ses convictions écologiques et altermondialistes dans une perspective de dépassement du capitalisme et de la logique productiviste.
The co-author of Manufacturing Consent analyzes the real motivation behind U.S. foreign policy, drawing his commentary from his celebrated speeches. Original.
Award-winning digital media star Zach King brings his unique brand of magic to the first installment of a lively, fun-filled trilogy about Zach, a middle schooler in search of his magical powers while navigating the crazy, confusing world of public school. Big Nate meets DanTDM in a debut middle grade adventure by social media superstar Zach King. The book comes complete with a code for a downloadable app that brings Zach’s vibrant world to fully animated, three-dimensional life. Zach King: My Magical Life is also coming to theaters soon, as the project has been picked up by Steven Spielberg’s Amblin Entertainment. Everyone in Zach King’s family has a magical power. His father can turn back time, his sister can turn invisible, and his mother can transform any object into something else. And Zach…well, he hasn’t found his magical power yet and his family is growing worried that he’s been “skipped.” So his parents decide to stop homeschooling him in magical arts and send him instead to a regular middle school with regular kids. To Zach, it’s the worst news ever. Who wants to be ordinary when everyone around them is extraordinary? But Zach quickly learns that going to regular school with regular kids isn’t all that bad. Who knew having real friends would be so much fun? And just when Zach least expects it, he discovers a pair of magical snapbacks that might just be the magical thing he’s been looking for his whole life. The only thing standing in his way is the school bully, Tricia Stands. She’s determined to make sure Zach doesn’t get more popular than she is, and so she plans a prank so awful, so evil, it could cause the biggest disaster Horace Greeley Middle School has ever seen. For fans of Diary of a Wimpy Kid, Timmy Failure, and DanTDM: Trayaurus and the Enchanted Crystal and anyone who’s ever wondered where they belong, this is the perfect book for you.
This volume draws together a range of Chomsky's writings arguing that the goal of education is to produce free human beings whose values are not accumulation and domination, but rather free association on terms of equality.
"The Myth of the Liberal Media contends that the mainstream media are parts of a market system and that their performance is shaped primarily by proprietor/owner and advertiser interests. Using a propaganda model, it is argued that the commercial media protect and propagandize for the corporate system. Case studies of major media institutions - the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Philadelphia Inquirer - are supplemented by detailed analyses of "word tricks and propaganda" and the media's treatment of topics such as Third World elections, the Persian Gulf War, the North American Free Trade Agreement, the fall of Suharto, and corporate Junk science."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Chomsky on Anarchism
Author: Barry Pateman
We all know what Noam Chomsky is against. His scathing analysis of everything that's wrong with our society reaches more and more people every day. His brilliant critiques of - among other things - capitalism, imperialism, domestic repression, and government propaganda, have become mini-publishing industries unto themselves. But, in this flood of publishing and republishing, very little ever gets said about what exactly Chomsky stands for, his own personal politics, his vision of the future. Not, that is, until Chomsky on Anarchism, a groundbreaking new book that shows a different side of this best-selling author; the anarchist principles that have guided him since he was a teenager. This collection of Chomsky's essays and interviews includes numerous pieces that have never been published before, as well as rare material that first saw the light of day in hard-to-find pamphlets and anarchist periodicals. Taken together, they paint a fresh picture of Chomsky, showing his life-long involvement with the anarchist community, his constant commitment to nonhierarchical models of political organization, and his hopes for a future world without rulers. For anyone who's been touched by Chomsky's trenchant analysis of our current situation, as well as anyone looking for an intelligent and coherent discussion of anarchism itself, Chomsky on Anarchism will be one of this season's most exciting, and surprising, reads.
Author: Gianni Carta
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
Power and media are closely linked in any ideological political system, but Italy under three-term premier Silvio Berlusconi is a case apart. A businessman-turned-politician and owner of a vast media empire, Berlusconi became Italy's longest-serving post-war prime minister through his proficient use of television. This book examines how Berlusconi built his empire and used the media to achieve and retain political success in a milieu where allegations of corruption, bribery and links to the Mafia were constant features, and amid his own sexual scandals. Finally, the author wonders if Berlusconi's media-driven political power is a “model” that could be replicated in other countries.
Author: Noam Chomsky, Gilbert Achcar, Stephan R. Shalom
The volatile Middle East is the site of vast resources, profound passions, frequent crises, and long-standing conflicts, as well as a major source of international tensions and a key site of direct US intervention. Two of the most astute analysts of this part of the world are Noam Chomsky, the preeminent critic of U.S, foreign policy, and Gilbert Achcar, a leading specialist of the Middle East who lived in that region for many years. In their new book, Chomsky and Achcar bring a keen understanding of the internal dynamics of the Middle East and of the role of the United States, taking up all the key questions of interest to concerned citizens, including such topics as terrorism, fundamentalism, conspiracies, oil, democracy, self-determination, anti-Semitism, and anti-Arab racism, as well as the war in Afghanistan, the invasion and occupation of Iraq, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and the sources of U.S. foreign policy. This book provides the best readable introduction for all who wish to understand the complex issues related to the Middle East from a perspective dedicated to peace and justice.
Written by a leading group of scholars in the field, this unique volume examines post-Agreement Northern Ireland. It shatters the myth that Northern Ireland is 'a place apart'. The book compares the conflict in Northern Ireland with other divided societies worldwide and argues that comparative analysis is essential for understanding the dynamics of Northern Ireland's conflict and ethnic conflict in general.
Culture of Terrorism
Author: Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Haymarket Books
This classic text provides a scathing critiques of U.S. political culture through billion analysis of the Iran-Contra scandal. Chomsky irrefutably shows how the unites States has opposed human rights and democratization to advance it economic interests.