This book builds on the idea that peer-to-peer infrastructures are gradually becoming the general conditions of work, economy, and society. Using a four-scenario approach, the authors seek to simplify possible outcomes and to explore relevant trajectories of the current techno-economic paradigm within and beyond capitalism.
Author: Ratna Kapur
The essays in Erotic Justice address the ways in which law has been implicated in contemporary debates dealing with sexuality, culture and `different' subjects - including women, sexual minorities, Muslims and the transnational migrant. Law is analyzed as a discursive terrain, where these different subjects are excluded or included in the postcolonial present on terms that are reminiscent of the colonial encounter and its treatment of difference. Bringing a postcolonial feminist legal analysis to her discussion, Kapur is relentless in her critiques on how colonial discourses, cultural essentialism, and victim rhetoric are reproduced in universal, liberal projects such as human rights and international law, as well as in the legal regulation of sexuality and culture in a postcolonial context. Drawing her examples from postcolonial India, Ratna Kapur demonstrates the theoretical and disruptive possibilities that the postcolonial subject brings to international law, human rights, and domestic law. In the process, challenges are offered to the political and theoretical constructions of the nation, sexuality, cultural authenticity, and women's subjectivity.
Classification now has to encompass ’non-physical’ media such as the Internet, yet still ensure access to knowledge held in traditional physical forms on library shelves. What does this mean for the future, and can classification cope with the virtual library? Written by a group of internationally-known specialists, this book reassesses traditional classification principles and the extent to which they provide the right basis for modern information storage and retrieval. First posing the radical question of whether classification is still really necessary, the book proceeds by emphasizing the need for systematic knowledge organization, with two chapters concentrating on classification in relation to IT and the Internet. Later chapters re-examine how present systems - Dewey Decimal Classification, Universal Decimal Classification and Library of Congress Classification - are likely to adapt, and provide a wealth of information sources for investigating the subject further. The Future of Classification delves deep into what makes knowledge-seeking successful. Those studying information storage and retrieval, and managers wanting to improve retrieval methods on which their service depends should read it.
The book contains review articles on recent advances in first-passage phenomena and applications contributed by leading international experts. It is intended for graduate students and researchers who are interested in learning about this intriguing and important topic. Contents:Arrival Statistics and Exploration Properties of Mortal Walkers (S B Yuste, E Abad and K Lindenberg)First Passage of a Randomly Accelerated Particle (T W Burkhardt)First Passage Problems in Anomalous Diffusion (A Rosso and A Zoia)First-Passage Times of Intermittent Random Walks (O Bénichou and R Voituriez)First-Passage Phenomena on Finite Inhomogeneous Networks (E Agliari and D Cassi)Effective Spectral Dimension in Scale-Free Networks (S Hwang, D-S Lee and B Kahng)First-Passage Statistics for Random Walks in Bounded Domains (R Voituriez and O Bénichou)First Passage Behavior of Multi-Dimensional Fractional Brownian Motion and Application to Reaction Phenomena (J-H Jeon, A V Chechkin and R Metzler)Trajectory-to-Trajectory Fluctuations in First-Passage Phenomena in Bounded Domains (T G Mattos, C Mejía-Monasterio, R Metzler, G Oshanin and G Schehr)Exact Record and Order Statists of Random Walk via First-Passage Ideas (G Schehr and S N Majumdar)First Passage in a Conical Geometry and Ordering of Brownian Particles (E Ben-Naim and P L Krapivsky)First Passage Time Problems in Biophysical Jump Processes with Fast Kinetics (P C Bressloff and J M Newby)First Passage Problems in Biology (T Chou and M R D'Orsogna)The Effect of Detection Mechanisms on Spatial Search and Foraging (D Campos and V Méndez)Search in Random Media with Lévy Flights (E Gelenbe and O H Abdelrahman)Exit Strategies: Visual Search and the Quitting Time Problem (T S Horowitz)Statistical Physics of Evolutionary Trajectories on Fitness Landscapes (M Manhart and A V Morozov)Some Applications of First-Passage Ideas to Finance (R Chicheportiche and J-P Bouchaud)First-Passage and Extremes in Socio-Economic Systems (J Masoliver and J Perelló)Transport and the First-Passage Time Problem with Application to Cold Atoms in Optical Traps (E Barkai and D A Kessler)The Excursion Set Theory in Cosmology (M Maggiore and A Riottoo)Self-Organized Escape Processes of Linear Chains in Nonlinear Potentials (T Gross, D Hennig and L Schimansky-Geier)Efficient Monte Carlo Methods for Simulating Diffusion-Reaction Processes in Complex Systems (D S Grebenkov) Readership: Researchers in stochastic processes, statistical physics, and mathematical physics. Key Features:Comprehensive update of the classical book by Sidney RednerApplications to wide-ranging and active fields of researchWell-known authors in the fieldKeywords:First Passage;Stochastic Processes;Diffusion;Biophysics;Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics;Complex Systems;Econophysics
Author: Surya Monro
Publisher: Pluto Press
Is it possible to move beyond the male-female gender binary system? What happens to gender theory when we consider sex and gender identities as more than just 'male' or 'female'? Crucially, what are the implications of gender and sexual fluidity and multiplicity for social policy, citizenship, new social movements and democracy? Gender Politics challenges ideas that we are all either male or female, and gay or straight. It explores the experiences of people who transgress these categories, and the social exclusion that they face. Surya Monro addresses topical debates concerning gender, and looks at different ways of theorising gender pluralism. She explains how gender and sexuality relate to other social characteristics such as 'race', class, and disability. As well as providing a way into some of the key academic discussions in the field of gender and sexuality, Gender Politics is also a tool for activists. Monro analyses the way in which mainstream citizenship, social policy, and democracy can -or cannot - be changed to reflect the needs of marginalised groups. She explores the social implications of equality for transgender, intersex, lesbian, gay and bisexual people, and assesses conflicts within these communities themselves.
In the last decade, ontologies have received much attention within computer science and related disciplines, most often as the semantic web. Ontology Learning and Population from Text: Algorithms, Evaluation and Applications discusses ontologies for the semantic web, as well as knowledge management, information retrieval, text clustering and classification, as well as natural language processing. Ontology Learning and Population from Text: Algorithms, Evaluation and Applications is structured for research scientists and practitioners in industry. This book is also suitable for graduate-level students in computer science.
Henri Fayol is one of the most important management theorists of the twentieth century. Guthrie and Peaucelle present a study of Fayol's management, comparing the theories set out in his book with his hands-on experience and practice. The first English translation of the third part of Industrial and General Management appears as an Appendix.
The Science of Synthesis
Author: Debora Hammond
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
Debora Hammond's The Science of Synthesis explores the development of general systems theory and the individuals who gathered together around that idea to form the Society for General Systems Research. In examining the life and work of the SGSR's five founding members-Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Kenneth Boulding, Ralph Gerard, James Grier Miller, and Anatol Rapoport-Hammond traces the emergence of systems ideas across a broad range of disciplines in the mid-twentieth century. Both metaphor and framework, the systems concept as articulated by its earliest proponents highlights relationship and interconnectedness among the biological, ecological, social, psychological, and technological dimensions of our increasingly complex lives. Seeking to transcend the reductionism and mechanism of classical science-which they saw as limited by its focus on the discrete, component parts of reality-the general systems community hoped to complement this analytic approach with a more holistic orientation. As one of many systems traditions, the general systems group was specifically interested in fostering collaboration and integration among different disciplinary perspectives, with an emphasis on nurturing more participatory and truly democratic forms of social organization. The Science of Synthesis documents a unique episode in the history of modern thought, one that remains relevant today. This book will be of interest to historians of science, system thinkers, scholars and practicioners in the social sciences, management, organization development and related fields, as well as the general reader interested in the history of ideas that have shaped critical developments in the second half of the twentieth century.
In recent years, a commitment to increased accountability and improved performance has become essential in both governmental agencies and nonprofit organizations. To help managers and executives in their ongoing quest for greater accountability and improved performance Theodore H. Poister, offers a comprehensive resource for designing and implementing effective performance measurement systems at the agency level. The ideas, tools, and processes in this vital resource will help organizations develop measurement systems to support such results-oriented management approaches as strategic management, results-based budgeting, performance management, process improvement, performance contracting, and employee incentive systems. Using this book as a guide, public and nonprofit organizations can accurately measure outputs, efficiency, productivity, effectiveness, service quality, and customer satisfaction, and use the resulting data to strengthen decision-making and improve agency and program performance. Read a Charity Channel review: http://charitychannel.com/publish/templates/?a=36&z=25
Data Analysis and Visualization in Genomics and Proteomics is the first book addressing integrative data analysis and visualization in this field. It addresses important techniques for the interpretation of data originating from multiple sources, encoded in different formats or protocols, and processed by multiple systems. One of the first systematic overviews of the problem of biological data integration using computational approaches This book provides scientists and students with the basis for the development and application of integrative computational methods to analyse biological data on a systemic scale Places emphasis on the processing of multiple data and knowledge resources, and the combination of different models and systems
The purpose of this fantastically useful book is to lay out an overview on possible tools for state reconstruction in nonlinear systems. Here, basic observability notions and observer structures are recalled, together with ingredients for advanced designs on this basis. The problem of state reconstruction in dynamical systems, known as observer problem, is crucial for controlling or even merely monitoring processes. For linear systems, the theory has been well established for several years, so this book attempts to tackle the problem for non-linear systems.
From Text to 'Lived' Resources
Author: Ghislaine Gueudet, Birgit Pepin, Luc Trouche
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
What kinds of curriculum materials do mathematics teachers select and use, and how? This question is complex, in a period of deep evolutions of teaching resources, with the proficiency of online resources in particular. How do teachers learn from these materials, and in which ways do they ‘tailor’ them for their use and pupil learning? Teachers collect resources, select, transform, share, implement, and revise them. Drawing from the French term « ingénierie documentaire »,we call these processes « documentation ». The literal English translation is « to work with documents », but the meaning it carries is richer. Documentation refers to the complex and interactive ways that teachers work with resources; in-class and out-of-class, individually, but also collectively.
Algorithms on Strings
Author: Maxime Crochemore, Christophe Hancart, Thierry Lecroq
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The book is intended for lectures on string processes and pattern matching in Master's courses of computer science and software engineering curricula. The details of algorithms are given with correctness proofs and complexity analysis, which make them ready to implement. Algorithms are described in a C-like language. The book is also a reference for students in computational linguistics or computational biology. It presents examples of questions related to the automatic processing of natural language, to the analysis of molecular sequences, and to the management of textual databases.
Decision Based Design
Author: Vijitashwa Pandey
Publisher: CRC Press
In a presentation that formalizes what makes up decision based design, Decision Based Design defines the major concepts that go into product realization. It presents all major concepts in design decision making in an integrated way and covers the fundamentals of decision analysis in engineering design. It also trains engineers to understand the impacts of design decision. The author teaches concepts in demand modeling and customer preference modeling and provides examples. This book teaches most fundamental concepts encountered in engineering design like: concept generation, multiattribute decision analysis, reliability engineering, design optimization, simulation, and demand modeling. The book provides the tools engineering practitioners and researchers need to first understand that engineering design is best viewed as a sequence of decisions made by the stakeholders involved and then apply the decision based design concepts in practice. It teaches fundamental concepts encountered in engineering design, such as concept generation, multiattribute decision analysis, reliability engineering, design optimization, simulation, and demand modeling. This book helps students and practitioners understand that there is a rigorous way to analyze engineering decisions taking into consideration all the potential technical and business impacts of their decisions. It can be used in its entirety to teach a course in decision based design, while selected chapters can also be used to cover courses in subdisciplines that make up decision based design.