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Philosophical Explanations

Philosophical Explanations

Author: Robert Nozick
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674664795
Pages: 764
Year: 1981
Nozick analyzes fundamental issues, such as the identity of the self, knowledge and skepticism, free will, the foundations of ethics, and the meaning of life
Advance Directives in Mental Health

Advance Directives in Mental Health

Author: Jacqueline Atkinson
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 1846426685
Pages: 216
Year: 2007-07-15
An advance directive is a way of making a person's views known if he or she should become mentally incapable of giving consent to treatment, or making informed choices about treatment, at some future time. Advance Directives in Mental Health is a comprehensive and accessible guide for mental health professionals advising service users on their choices about treatment in the event of future episodes of mental illness, covering all ideological, legal and medical aspects of advance directives. Jacqueline Atkinson explains their origins and significance in the context of mental health legislation and compares advance directives in mental health with those in other areas of medicine like dementia or terminal illness, offering a general overview of the differences in the laws of various English-speaking countries. She explores issues of autonomy and responsibility in mental health and gives practical advice on how to set up, implement and change advance directives. The book offers a useful overview of advance directives and is a key reference for all mental health professionals as well as postgraduate students, lawyers who work with mentally ill people, service users and their families and carers.
Personal Identity

Personal Identity

Author: Harold W. Noonan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134482132
Pages: 256
Year: 2004-06-01
Personal Identity is a comprehensive introduction to the nature of the self and its relation to the body. Harold Noonan places the problem of personal identity in the context of more general puzzles about identity, discussing the major historical theories and more recent debates. The second edition of Personal Identity contains a new chapter on 'animalism' and a new section on vagueness.
Persons, Interests, and Justice

Persons, Interests, and Justice

Author: Nils Holtug
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199580170
Pages: 356
Year: 2010-04-22
In our lives, we aim to achieve welfare for ourselves, that is, to live good lives. But we also have another, more impartial perspective, where we aim to balance our concern for our own welfare against a concern for the welfare of others. This is a perspective of justice. Nils Holtug examines these two perspectives and the relations between them. The first part of the book is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a self-interest in a particular benefit. It includes discussions of the extent to which self-interest depends on preferences, personal identity, and what matters in survival. It also considers the issue of whether it can benefit (or harm) a person to come into existence and what the implications are for our theory of self-interest. A 'prudential view' is defended, according to which a person has a present self-interest in a future benefit if and only if she stands in a relation of continuous physical realization of (appropriate) psychology to the beneficiary, where the strength of the self-interest depends both on the size of the benefit and on the strength of this relation. The second part of the book concerns distributive justice and so how to distribute welfare or self-interest fulfilment over individuals. It includes discussions of welfarism, egalitarianism and prioritarianism, population ethics, the importance of personal identity and what matters for distributive justice, and the importance of all these issues for various topics in applied ethics, including the badness of death. Here, a version of prioritarianism is defended, according to which, roughly, the moral value of a benefit to an individual at a time depends on both the size of the benefit and on the individual's self-interest, at that time, in the other benefits that accrue to her at this and other times.
When Listeners Talk

When Listeners Talk

Author: Rod Gardner
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027297428
Pages: 281
Year: 2001-01-01
Listeners are usually considered recipients in conversational interaction, whose main activity is to take in messages from other speakers. In this view, the listening activity is separate from speaking. Another view is that listeners and speakers are equal co-participants in conversations who construct the talk together. In support of this latter view, one finds a group of vocalisations which are quintessentially listener talk — little conversational objects such as uh-huh, oh, mm, yeah, right and mm-hm. These utterances do not have meanings in a conventional dictionary sense, but are nevertheless loaded with complex and subtle information about the stance listeners take to what they are hearing, information that is gleaned not only from their phonetic form, but also from their complex prosodic shape and their placement and timing within the flow of talk. This book summarises eight of these objects, and explores one, mm, in depth.
Continuer l'Evangile

Continuer l'Evangile

Author: Soeur Myriam,
Publisher: Editions Olivetan
ISBN: 2354790236
Pages: 392
Year: 2008-01-01
Voici un ouvrage à lire au rythme d'une méditation par semaine s'appuyant sur les textes des Evangiles lus chaque dimanche dans les cultes et offices sur 3 ans. Chacune est née " portée, remâchée, ruminée avant de finir en quelques lignes pures et subtilement ciselées ". En regard de chaque méditation, le lecteur trouvera le texte biblique.
Continuer l'histoire

Continuer l'histoire

Author: Hubert Védrine
Publisher: Fayard
ISBN: 2213640815
Pages: 210
Year: 2008-09-10
Dans ce bref essai, Hubert Védrine poursuit son analyse du monde depuis la chute du mur de Berlin. Pour lui, les Occidentaux ont cru trop vite qu’ils avaient gagné la bataille de l’Histoire et que leurs « valeurs » allaient s’imposer partout. Depuis les grandes illusions des années 1990, les Américains ont été saisis par l’esprit de puissance, les Européens par l’ingénuité. En lieu et place d’une « communauté internationale », c’est un monde dur, instable et inquiétant qui apparaît, et le fameux « monde multipolaire » risque de se faire sans nous. Face à ces défis, Hubert Védrine préconise de rompre avec cette « irrealpolitik » stérile, de prendre conscience des nouveaux enjeux, de refonder le réalisme et une politique étrangère efficace ; mais cela suppose une France qui retrouve confiance en elle et une Europe qui sache ce qu’elle veut.

Comment continuer à se parler, à s'aimer, à se désirer

Comment continuer à se parler, à s'aimer, à se désirer

Author: Caroline Kruse
Publisher: Marabout
ISBN: 2501092147
Pages: 256
Year: 2013-09-11
Le kit pour mieux vivre ensemble ou donner du sens à la crise traversée. Au fond, qu'est-ce qu'un couple ? Pourquoi on y tient et pourquoi c'est si difficile, parfois, de vivre ensemble ? Comment réagir devant une difficulté, comment la contourner et la surmonter ? Comment redonner de la vie à ce qui semble s'étioler ? Enfin, comment se donner les moyens de mieux vivre ensemble ? Il ne s'agit pas ici de donner des recettes, du « prêt-à-vivre » en couple mais des pistes, des éclairages, des clés pour prendre un peu de recul et mieux comprendre, d'abord soi-même, mais aussi l'autre et le couple. Ce kit permet au couple de donner du sens à la crise qu'il traverse, de repérer ses projections mutuelles inconscientes et de s'en dégager.

Space in Theory

Space in Theory

Author: Russell West-Pavlov
Publisher: Rodopi
ISBN: 904202545X
Pages: 275
Year: 2009-01
Space in Theory: Kristeva, Foucault, Deleuze seeks to give a detailed but succinct overview of the role of spatial reflection in three of the most influential French critical thinkers of recent decades. It proposes a step-by-step analysis of the changing place of space in their theories, focussing on the common problematic all three critics address, but highlighting the significant differences between them. It aims to rectify an unaccountable absence of detailed analysis to the significance of space in their work up until now.Space in Theory argues that Kristeva, Foucault and Deleuze address the question: How are meaning and knowledge produced in contemporary society? What makes it possible to speak and think in ways we take for granted? The answer which all three thinkers provide is: space. This space takes various forms: psychic, subjective space in Kristeva, power-knowledge-space in Foucault, and the spaces of life as multiple flows of becoming in Deleuze. This book alternates between analyses of these thinkers' theoretical texts, and brief digressions into literary texts by Barrico, de Beauvoir, Beckett, Bodrožic or Bonnefoy, via Borges, Forster, Gide, Gilbert, Glissant, Hall, to Kafka, Ondaatje, Perec, Proust, Sartre, Warner and Woolf. These detours through literature aim to render more concrete and accessible the highly complex conceptulization of contemporary spatial theory.This volume is aimed at students, postgraduates and researchers interested in the areas of French poststructuralist theory, spatial reflection, or more generally contemporary cultural theory and cultural studies.